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The Bushmen probably became the first modern people to migrate to the southern tip of the African continent. Skilled hunter-gatherers and nomads, the Bushmen had great respect for the land, and their lifestyle had low environmental impact, allowing them to sustain their way of life for years without leaving much archaeological evidence. Other than a series of striking rock paintings, the Bushmen left few traces of their early culture.

Attempts to analyse the existing samples by radiocarbon dating indicate that the Bushmen lived in the area of modern-day South Africa at least as late as 25,000 years ago, and possibly as early as 40,000 years ago. Small numbers of Bushmen still live in South Africa today, making their culture one of the oldest continuously existing in the world, along with that of the Indigenous Australians. 

The pastoralist Bushmen, known as Khoikhoi began to move further south, reaching as far as the cape now known as the Cape of Good Hope. Along the way they intermarried with the hunter-gatherer Bushmen, whom they referred to as San, to the point where drawing a clear line between the two groups became impossible (prompting the use of the term Khoisan). 

Over time the Khoi khoi established themselves along the coast, while small groups of Bushmen continued to inhabit the interior. The Bushmen cave paintings are unusual as they are larger than you would find in other locations. This makes it worth the effort to find them.

On highway B43 close to Mt Moorosi  to the end of the road

Maletsunyane Falls
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Capital City of Lesotho Get info

National Heritage Site Get info

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